24 August 2012


This is Willem Breuker's first LP under his own name and also one of the earliest recordings of European Free Jazz. Already in this early stage of the socalled "European emancipation" we have not only a small combo but already compositions for a large ensemble. The achievement is quite differrent to Alex von Schlippenbach's Globe Unity (here and here) from the same year.

My thanks goes again to N for his ongoing generosity.


On side A:

Willem Breuker, bass clarinet, baritone, alto & soprano saxophone, piano, drums
Gilius van Bergeyk, oboe
Guus Dral, bassoon
Eddie Engels, trumpet, fluegelhorn
Henk Scheffer, trombone
Carl Schulze, trombone, vibraphone
Jaap Verhaar, horn
Jan Wolff, horn
Hans Dulfer, tenor saxophone
Ab van der Molen, soprano saxphone, bass clarinet
Cornelius Hazevoet, piano
Pieter Boersma, cello
Arjen Gorter, double bass, accordion, harmonica
Dick van der Capellen, double bass
Victor Kaihatu, double bass, guitar
Pierre Courbois, drums
Rob Kattenberg, drums
Ileana Melita, voice

On side B:

Willem Breuker, bass clarinet, clarinet, baritone, tenor, alto & soprano saxophone
Misja Mengelberg, piano
Dick van der Capellen, bass (pizzicato)
Victor Kaihatu, bass (arco)
Pierre Courbois, drums

A1. Litany For The 14th Of June, 1966    (07:42)   
A2. Life Is Music Is Love Is All     (06:11)    
A3. Psalm 64                             (01:35)    
A4. Time Signals And Sound Density V     (05:59)    
B1. Implication And Piano Distance     (05:44)    
B2. Composition 19 In Silvergrey     (05:59)    
B3. Composition 30                     (05:11)    
B4. Composition 28                     (04:12)

Recorded at Musis Sacrum, Baarn, Holland.
Date: 26 and 27 October 1966 (A) and 27 October 1966 (B).

RELAX 33004
Note: A bit later re-released as WERGO Records (WER 80002), 1966.


onxidlib said...

rapidshare (196MB in Flac)

Sorry - No alternate links in the time being.
Crocko, Jumbofiles and some others won't allow me any remote-upload.
Maybe someone is willing to step in and provide us with an alternate link.

Rev. Dr. Moller. MDMA, THC and BAR. said...

This looks really good, thanks for sharing.

wightdj said...

Super, thanks.

Anonymous said...

thanks nick + onxidlib!!! wonderful share

i mentioned this elsewhere at sol - the icp-box will be on sale soon!!! hooray for cpt bennink :)

here's an alternate dl-link for the breuker



onxidlib said...

Hi Anonymous, thanks for your help!

As far as I know the ICP-Box should be available at the end of September...

Anonymous said...

there's more info on the icp homepage


they reached the 300 subscriber-mark, and extended the time where it'll cost 399,- euros till end of august. the photo book by pieter boersma (on the breuker album here listed as musician!!) is still in the works...

cheers, lucky :)

X75a said...

Thanks for the early Breuker. Had a chance to seem in in NYC with the Kollektief. It was a entertaining show, plus he shined my shoes. That's what happens when you sit too close to the stage.:-)

Wallofsound said...

Looking forward to this one. Thanks for sharing.

Wallofsound said...

Out of interest, onxidlib, where did you get the phrase 'European emancipation' from?

Anonymous said...

i read about the 'european emancipation' from joachim ernst behrendt, bert noglik and ekkehart joost, but also george lewis wrote about it.

two links i found with a quick google-search:




haifisch said...

What for a great record.Thank you

onxidlib said...

@ Wallofsound - The phrase was coined by Joachim Ernst Berendt in his book "Ein Fenster aus Jazz: Essays, Portraits, Reflexionen (1986).
Further developed f.e. by Ekkehard Jost in his essay "Europäische Jazz-Avantgarde– Emanzipation wohin?" (you'll find a summary in english > http://www.jazzresearch.org/1/1/node/361/

Jost's book "Europas Jazz 1960–80" (1987 [I bought the book in 1986!]) - only german - is still the most valuable source concerning european Free Jazz.

Another author who wrote about the subject is Mike Heffley. See for example:
http://mheffley.web.wesleyan.edu/almatexts/almamusicology/From%20Epigonal%20to%20Personal.pdf (an interesting essay about Hampel, Brötzmann and Schlippenbach and their respective albums "Heartplants", "Machine Gun" and "Globe Unity").

See also his book "Northern Sun, Southern Moon: Europe's Reinvention of Jazz"

candle_mambo said...

thanks a lot!
interesting stuff!

kinabalu said...

@onx: Are the Berendt and Jost books still available, as far as you know? Do you have a reference for the Jost article as well? I have no problems reading German. The Heffey book is new, I would think, so it should be easy to locate. Sounds like very interesting reads.

onxidlib said...

You'll find these books >

Ein Fenster aus Jazz: Essays, Portraits, Reflexionen (already for 2$)



Europas Jazz 1960 - 1980 (a bit more but you'll get it for 10 euro)


The article from Jost "Europäische Jazz-Avantgarde– Emanzipation wohin?" is included in a publication of the International Society of Jazz Research: "Jazzforschung - Jazz Research: BD 11". (the most expensive one from 35 euro upward - on amazon.com for more than 100$)


Mike Heffley's book is from 2005.
Amazon.de offers it from 4 euro upward and amazon.com already for 14$.

Also recommended are two others books by Ekkehard Jost "Jazzmusiker. Materialien zur Soziologie der afro-amerikanischen Musik." (1986) and the recent one "Jazzgeschichten aus Europa " (2012).

Less about the music directly but more about the sociological "surroundings" - especially the first one is groundbreaking study.

"Jazzgeschichten aus Europa " offers an overview about how Jazz arrived in Europe. Mainly Paris, Berlin and London are are examined but he also brings stories about Scandinavia, southern Europe and the eastern part of the "old continent". An easy but very nice read.

Anonymous said...

great recommendations, onxidlib! from these i only have jost's "jazzmusiker", but read "Europas Jazz 1960 - 1980" from the local library.

i would add two more books, both from bert noglik:

- "jazz-werkstatt international" (verlag neue musik 1982 / rowohlt 1983)
- "klangspuren - wege improvisierter musik" (fischer 1992)

noglik is from east germany and writes with much knowledge about the east german scene, too.


kinabalu said...

@onx: thanks for that very detailed response. I find that the best source for the hard to find books is Abebooks which has the jazzforschung title and many others in the same series. Published in Graz, Austria.

kinabalu said...

I should add that academic journals tend to be expensive, so I´ll try to get the jazzforschung title from a library, if possible.

onxidlib said...

@ Lucky and Kinabalu and all interested.

I would like to add that the books
- "jazz-werkstatt international" (verlag neue musik 1982 / rowohlt 1983)
- "klangspuren - wege improvisierter musik" (fischer 1992) are not only about east-german musicians but also their western collegues are invited to give insights in their work and thoughts. All in the form of interviews.
Also from interest is Noglik's first book (as far as I know) "Jazz im Gespräch" (Verlag Neue Musik, 1978). Co-author is Heinz-Jürgen Lindner. It features only east-german Jazz musicians. One can get it through apebooks for 12,50$ (incl.p&p).

I also like to recommend a series of interviews which is being published by "theoral" (read: the oral). Five issues so far...
No.3 is a long wonderful interview with Paul Lovens.
Edited by Philipp Schmickl (who grew up in Nickelsdorf) and Karin Weinhandl.
In their own words:
"theoral is a new medium for oral history of creative music and interesting interviews
as well as sophisticated graphics and curlicues
every thought was expressed orally, recorded and transcribed
every graphic was painted with the right or left hand".
All interviews are in the original language of the respective interviewees. See > http://www.theoral.org/

And finally (?) a book about the "overlap" and mutual influences of (Free) Jazz and contemporary classical music.
"Jazz, Opus 3: Die heimliche Liebe des Jazz zur europäischen Moderne".
Articles, statements from the musicians and composers and more.
Edited by Ingrid Karl of the Wiener Musik Gallery.

Anonymous said...

Thank you for this! I am constantly amazed at the extraordinary and extremely rare Euro jazz stuff you guys dig up! Keep it up!

Thanks again!

Bill said...

Thanks to N and Onxidlib for this historic album.

serviceton said...

Never heard.
Delighted to see posted.
Thanks both !

sotise said...

terrific upload , thank you!

definitivegaze said...

any chance for a re-upload ?

gb said...

o yes, a re-upload would be much appreciated!
thx for the great blog

Anonymous said...

Is there any possibility of a re-up? I so very much miss Breuker's live performances and the composer himself. This record has eluded me for so long, always out of reach it seems, always out bid or too late. Hopefully, someone will be merciful and kind :-) I would be most delighted.

Anonymous said...

would love a reup aswell :-)

onxidlib said...


Anonymous said...

Wow! Thank you sooooooo much! I'm speechless. All the best to you, onxidlib :-)
~ knut

sandor essedy said...

thanks for this rare Breuker.

peer57 said...

Thanks Onxidlib....Great for the Dutch Jazz-blog!